The rise of BitCoin

In 2009, BitCoin was founded as a peer-to-peer payment mechanism CRYPTOCURANCY PRICE 2022. Bitcoin is the first open-source digital currency. It is run by an open-source software algorithm that uses the worldwide internet network to create BitCoins and record and verify transactions.

BitCoin, as a cryptocurrency, employs cryptographic principles to regulate the creation and transfer of funds. Downloading the BitCoin program and joining the BitCoin network are required for access to the BitCoin network. Allowing participants to engage in operations and update and validate transactions.

Compared to traditional fiat currencies like dollars or euros. BitCoin’s major distinguishing feature is that the amount of units in circulation is controlled by a software algorithm rather than a person, group, company, central authority, or government. 4 A predetermined number of BitCoins are released at a predetermined and publicly known rate. Suggesting that the BitCoin supply grows at a decreasing rate. When the maximum number of BitCoins in circulation reaches 21 million units in 2140. The BitCoin growth rate will be zero. As a result, after 2140, the maximum stock of BitCoins will remain unchanged.

BitCoins can be used to buy goods and services worldwide if the transaction partners accept BitCoin as a payment method. A transaction occurs when BitCoin owners exchange their ownership of a specific quantity of BitCoins for products or services. BitCoins are increasingly being accepted as payment for goods and services. Other currencies can be exchanged for BitCoins.

Crypto Assets Continue to Grow through Ups and Downs-CRYPTOCURANCY PRICE 2022

Despite severe price fluctuation, the market capitalization of crypto assets has increased significantly. In 2021, the market capitalization nearly tripled through early May. Reaching an all-time high of $2.5 trillion.  Institutional investors’ concerns about crypto assets’ environmental impact deepened. Worldwide regulatory scrutiny of the crypto ecosystem intensified.  Which resulted in exchanges automatically liquidating margin and futures holdings. Since then, the market value of crypto assets has risen to more than $2 trillion. Representing a year-to-date increase of 170 percent at writing.

Non-stablecoin crypto assets have less spectacular returns when compensated for volatility, despite strong price gain. For example, Bitcoin’s risk-adjusted returns over the last year are comparable to those of larger technology stocks or the S& P 500. Investors, on the other hand, are subject to bigger losses. Compared to other asset classes that have had big drawdowns. Such as local currency bonds and stocks in some emerging markets and developing economies with weak fundamentals. The relative attractiveness of these crypto-asset returns can be higher.

Another argument favoring non-stablecoin crypto assets is their poor correlation with other assets, which benefits portfolio diversification (see the April 2018 Global Financial Stability Report). Although this is true to some extent, under recent market turmoil, the link between these crypto-assets and some key asset classes strengthened dramatically (for example, the COVID-19 sell-off in 2020). If institutional holders impacted by common variables continue to participate, the diversification effect may diminish with time.


Increased investor interest in stablecoins, newer technologies such as Ethereum, other “smart contract” blockchains, and decentralized finance contribute to the rise in market capitalization.CRYPTOCURANCY PRICE 2022

Stablecoins: Their market cap has quadrupled to more than $120 billion in 2021. Tether is the most popular stablecoin, but its market share has dwindled as major centralized crypto exchanges launch their versions (Coinbase’s USD Coin and Binance’s Binance USD). Because stablecoins are highly useable for settlement spot and derivatives trades on exchanges. Their trading volumes outstrip all other crypto assets. The top stable coins’ price stability is improving, as evidenced by decreasing price deviations. From the desired 1:1 peg with the dollar and other currencies in 2021.  This means they do not need to shift their funds outside the crypto ecosystem.

Ethereum and other blockchains for “smart contracts”:

Bitcoin is still the most popular cryptocurrency, but its market share has dropped from more than 70% in 2017 to less than 45% in 2021. Newer blockchains that use smart contracts have sparked interest in the market to address the difficulties of previous blockchains by incorporating features that ensure scalability, interoperability, and sustainability. 56 The most well-known is Ether, which in 2021 eclipsed Bitcoin in terms of trading volume .


Decentralized finance (Defi) grew from $15 billion at the end of 2020 to around $110 billion in September 2021, owing to the rapid growth of (1) decentralized exchanges that allow users to trade crypto assets without an intermediary and (2) credit platforms that match borrowers and lenders without the need for a credit risk assessment of the customer. These services (typically) function directly on blockchains without consumer identification.

Most Defi is based on the Ethereum blockchain and employs Ethereum-based tokens, such as stable coins. Defi is also one of the key drivers of stable coin growth, so it’s worth watching. Defi users are currently predominantly institutional actors from advanced economies, according to Chainalysis (2021b), but adoption among retail users and emerging market and developing economies, in general, is lagging.

What Are the Financial Stability Implications of Crypto Assets?

In October 2018, the Financial Stability Board concluded that crypto-assets did not pose a material risk to global financial stability (FSB 2018) but identified several transmission channels that could change its assessment. These channels include risks from market capitalization size, investor confidence effects, risks arising from direct and indirect exposures of financial institutions, and risks from the use of crypto assets for payments and settlements.

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